Medieval Europe

How did the black death actually spread?

People in London in the middle ages suffered from the Black Death. In 1348, the plague arrived in London from China, panicking the citizens due to lacking medical researches and technology.

In London in the middle ages, houses and streets were unhygienic. Houses were made of wood, straw and dirt. Therefore it made it easy for rats and fleas to enter the houses. The rats were infected by the fleas that carried bacillus.

Humans eventually got the plague. After the rats got infected by the fleas, they died, so the fleas needed to find a new place. The fleas hopped onto human body, especially the fleshy bits, such as groins, armpits and neck in the lymph nodes.

The symptoms of the plague were brutal and deadly. One of the symptoms was high fever “followed by aches, vomiting and convulsions”. Another symptom was the black boils called buboes that appeared in groins and armpits. The buboes started with an olive size then grew and swell to a size of an apple. Buboes spread over arms, thighs, legs and stomach.“Buboes begin oozing with blood and putrid pus”. People could survive if the buboes become hard shells looking like beetles. Coughing and sneezing, bad breath, sweat and spit were other symptoms and they made other people feel like vomiting. Urine of people who caught the plague was “thick blackish red liquid”. The final stage was coughing up blood, which was fatal. People will become delirious and die within three days.

One of the reasons of the spread of the black death was because of the unhygienic facilities in London in the middle ages. Black death was spread due to the fleas with bacillus. The symptoms of the black death were severe and deadly.

The Black Death in 1348. Engraving in A History Of France In Hundred Paintings of Paul Lehugeur. Fine Art. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. Accessed 13 Feb 2017.

Water Filter Design Cycle

This water filter design cycle was about designing a filter for water with contaminants. The contaminants were copper, salt and sediment. I was in a group with Gia Ky and Chaeyeon Park, and we were to produce 15mL of water without any contaminants, and the water had to be pH 6-8. After the background research my group did before designing, we decided to use a pot, a small bowl and a hot plate for the design. Inside the pot, the small bowl is placed and the contaminated water is filled in the pot, but not in the small bowl. Then, the lid of the pot is placed upside down. This will make the water without contaminants drop into the bowl. We also decided to make another filter with gravels, sand and charcoal stacked up in a plastic water bottle with cheese cloth covering the top. We had 4 attempts and there were some changes made. In the first attempt, we followed the design we first made. In the second attempt, since my group left the pot with contaminated water from the first attempt for several days, there were sediments floating on the surface of the water. So we filtered it out by putting tissues instead of coffee filters in a funnel. We filtered it out twice, and the water was filtered almost clearly. In addition, our acidity was too low, so we added baking soda before boiling the water. In the third attempt, our water was aqua blue, so we filtered it using funnels and tissues just like in the second attempt. The hot plate was changed. The hot plate got really hot in a short time, which allowed us to collect water quickly. My group waited a bit after the water started boiling, then took out the lid and dropped all the water vapors that were on the lid into the beaker using a pipette. The beaker was not in the pot. In the last attempt, we filtered out the water using all designs from the previous attempts. Our final result was pH 11, 0 ppm, very low turbidity and a little bit of salt. I think the problem with the acidity was the baking soda. My group collected water from the previous attempts, and the pH was high, so we put baking soda, and although it neutralized the water right at that time, the water turned out basic after boiling the water. So I think we should have added baking soda only if the water was acidic after boiling. I liked this project, because everyone in my group was hard working and everyone participated. Also, the project was fun, because we got to create our own design and do our own research.


Digital Poem

The first image in the digital poem was a picture of a circus, and I decided to add it, because the topic of my poem is school, and circus is used as an extended metaphor. Except the picture of a lion roaring, every other pictures are metaphors, not a literal picture of a the topic. I think the music in the video has brought out the theme of my poem. I think I did well on the choice of images, because the images weren’t literal pictures. My poem met the expectations on the use of fonts. The font size is big enough to read and it contrasts well with the background. I have grown as a poet. I now know how and where to use figurative languages. Also, I know how to narrow down the topic and the theme of the poem. While writing the poem, one of the challenges was narrowing down the topic and the theme. My topic and the theme was too broad.

Passion Project

Blog 1 / 4th November

What is a passion project?

Passion project is creating an art piece related to our interest/passion.

How do you feel about this unit? 

Except for the presentation was the last lesson, I am very excited for this project. I am looking forward for this unit, because we get to create an art piece whether it’s a drawing, painting, sculpture and choose what we will create an art piece about.

What is your project?

My project is a drawing of people in BTS. BTS is a kpop boy band that has 7 people in it. I will be drawing with only pencils, and the drawing will be realistic.

What steps do you need to take to complete the task?

In lesson 2, I will draw an outline of where the people will be in the drawing, and draw one person from BTS. In lesson 3, I will draw another person from BTS and finish drawing the person from lesson 2, if necessary. I will do what I did in lesson 3 for all other lessons.


Blog 2 / 8th November

What did you achieve today? 

I made a brief sketch in my sketchbook of where the people will be. Also, I started to work on my final project, which is on a A2 paper. I started drawing the first person after watching a tutorial on drawing realistic people. I only watched the beginning of the video, because I only wanted to learn how to start off.

What went well and what needs to change next class?

The planning (deciding which person will go where and which sized paper I would be using) went well. However, next class I’ll have to speed up on drawing the people. I took too much time on finding the pictures.

What did you learn today?

Today, I learned the proportion of the face.

What are your next steps? 

In lesson 2, I will finish off drawing the first person I was drawing today and start drawing another person. I will do the same thing I did in lesson 2 for the rest of the lessons.


Blog 3 / 10th November

What did you achieve today? 

I practiced on drawing the lips. I only managed to draw one, but I found out that it was successful.

img_5456 img_9881

What went well and what needs to change next class?

I was on task for the whole class, and I think practicing drawing the lips went well. It was successful, so I now know how to draw lips. Next class, I will try to practice more, even if I am successful, I will practice over and over.

What did you learn today?

Today, I learned how to draw lips. I used a 4 x 2 grid as a guideline for drawing lips. And it helped a lot, since lips are almost symmetrical. It wasn’t compulsory to use the grid, but when I watched the tutorial and copied what he was doing, I found using the grid very helpful. I learned that the bottom of the lips are very dark, and the lines on the upper lips shouldn’t be very clear.

What are your next steps? 

In the next class, I will learn how to draw a realistic nose and practice drawing some. Also, I am going to start drawing a person.

Blog 4 / 14th November

What did you achieve today?

Today, I practiced drawing realistic nose. Also, I have changed my project, because I though that I won’t be able to draw all people in BTS in 7-8 classes. So, I decided to only draw 2-3 people. In today’s class, I started drawing a person on an A4 paper. This is the tutorial I used to learn how to draw realistic nose.


What went well and what needs to change next class?

I think drawing the nose went pretty well, even though I will need a bit more practice. Also, I am glad that I started to draw a person. I will have to work faster next class.

What did you learn today?

I learned how to draw a realistic nose. I learned that the nostrils should be colored in with very dark black. Also, I learned that when I am drawing realistic drawings, I have to observe several pictures carefully.

What are your next steps? 

In the next class, I will try to finish the person that I am currently drawing, and if I have time, I will start to drawing another person.

Blog 5 / 18th November

What did you achieve today?

Today, I achieved quite a lot. I added toning to the face, which I’ll have to work on it more. Also, I finished both eyes, and the mouth. I started drawing the hair. In the class, I watched  a tutorial on drawing realistic hair. And this is the tutorial I used.


What went well and what needs to change next class?

I think in this class, I managed to draw a lot. Next class, I will have to work faster so that I can finish this person I am drawing.

What did you learn today?

Today, I learned how to draw realistic hair. I learned that when we’re drawing realistic hair, it might be better to use mechanical pencil than normal pencil. In addition, I learned that although using white pastels could be risky, it could be used to accentuate the highlights.

What are your next steps? 

My goal is to finish the person I am drawing in the next class. I am going to use the techniques I learned today to finish drawing the hair.

Blog 6 / 22nd November

What did you achieve today?

Today, I didn’t have a lot of time to work on my passion project, since I was glazing my clay work. However, since I have started my final project few classes before, I think I will be on the right track. I enhanced the toning on the face from the class before.


What went well and what needs to change next class?

I think the toning went well, since it got a bit smoother. However, next class, I will have to work a bit faster in order to finish the drawing.

What did you learn today?

I learned that time management is important. I took too much time on glazing the clay, so I couldn’t spend a lot of time on my final project.

What are your next steps? 

In the next class, I am going to finish the person, and add few more touches to the toning. I will have to draw the upper part of the body and add the rest of the hair.

DBQ Blog Post


1. Why did christianity take hold in the ancient world?


Excerpt #1

In the ancient world, Christianity was expanded due to the Roman ideology that was based on a hierarchical system and it didn’t value the people who were at the bottom of the social pyramid. However, in Christianity, everyone was treated equally and everyone was loved and cared for.

Excerpt #2

In The Individual and Society by Helmut Koester, it compares the Roman hierarchical system to the Christian Community. In the Roman hierarchical system, the Emperor is at the pinnacle, and as it goes toward the bottom of the social pyramid, they don’t get advantages as much as the people at the top. However, in the Christian Community, everyone is equal, they get equal rights

DBQ OUTLINE: Why Did Christianity Take Hold in the Ancient World?




My biggest takeaway was about the parables. I didn’t know what parables were and I learned that they are short stories with morals. Also, I learned that there were many parables and they helped the spread of Christianity. Some examples of the parables are “The Good Samaritan”, “The Two Builders”, and “The Lost Sheep”. I didn’t know that parables had a huge impact on the spread of Christianity. I learned that they were spread due to the morals, and the hope they gave to the individuals that were at the bottom of the social pyramid.


3. VISUALIZING TEXT -sketchnoting

How did sketchnoting help you understand how Christianity originated and spread?

Sketchnoting helped me understand how Christianity originated and spread easily, because I learn better with the visuals. In my sketchnotes, I used typography, which is making the words larger, smaller, making it bold etc. Typography helps me by showing what the main idea is and what piece of information is important. In my sketchnotes. I also used images that were related to the content. The images helped me to understand the text in an easier and faster way.

What did you learn about yourself as a visual notetaker?

As myself being a visual notetaker, I learned that notetaking can help me learn more and easier. When I first started sketchnoting, I took a long time to draw the images and such, but as I kept on practicing, I drew simple images that I could tell what it was. Also, as I kept practicing, I got faster taking down the notes, and drawing the images that are related to the writing. The first time I tried sketchnoting, I thought it was useless and wasted time. However, when I looked back at my sketchnotes, it helped me understand what I learned in class. I think it’s because of the visuals and short yet important information.



What discoveries did you encounter as you were vlogging and exploring your thinking?

I had a script for myself when I was vlogging and filming my explain everything. I read it off from the script as I was filming the video, and when I read it, I found several mistakes. I stopped filming the video and fixed the mistakes. Vlogging made me read over my work, and improve it. Also, I discovered that listening to a person talking makes the audience focus more than just simply reading a paragraph.

Evidence & Analysis VLOG

Reflection VLOG




What is ONE of your GOALS for social studies?

My goal for social studies is to be able to sketchnote for most of the classes. In order to improve my grades, I think I will have to sketchnote, not only because it enhanced my learning, it will help me to concentrate in class, because I’ll have to listen to the teacher carefully to sketchnote.

Out of the Frame


This assessment was called “Out of the Frame”. We were to chose one of the pictures we used in the “4 Square Art” and use different techniques such as line variation, graphite, and toning to draw the animal. In the middle of the paper, there was an A4 sized frame, and we had to draw our animal outside of that frame. The animal and shapes inside the frame had to be coloured and all the shapes outside the frame had to be drawn using only black pens and markers. The reason for this was to create a contrast between the shapes inside the frame and the shapes outside the frame, and it creates a focal point. This assessment was assessed based on the techniques we used and the neatness of the work. We had to use all the techniques we learned in class and the paper shouldn’t be crumpled or folded. By completing this task, I learned how to use different techniques effectively and improved more on the techniques.