The Driving Force Behind European Imperialism
In the 19th century, the New Imperialism began with its very main drive, industrialism and has changed many of each Aafrican country’s history ever since. It is important that we consider this as this was a long period of partitions, colonies and imperialism in the 1800s. It is the cause of today’s many wars. The primary driving force behind Imperialism in africa in the 19th century is nationalism because each and every country had extreme national pride. Although, economics could also be considered the primary driving force because the resources in Africa helped in economical usage and resulted in a wealthier country, but the countries are only wealthier because of their pride which encouraged them to take over land and sea before using the land for economic purposes.
First and foremost, the driving force behind the new imperialism is nationalism. This is as each and every citizen want their country to advance and rise above all other countries becoming the best. According to the Eenglish intellectual author and speaker, John Ruskin stated in Doc B, “she must found colonies as fast and as far as she is able to, formed of her most energetic and worthiest men; – seizing every piece of fruitful waste ground she can set her foot on,” and, “that their first aim is to be to advance the power of England by land and sea.” With this, one can see that imperialism was driven by the pride of the citizens in each country. Their main desire was to overthrow all the lands they could set foot on. By the level of encouragement from each citizen added together, the men who travel to vanquish lands would not want to let their country down and to continue their act of overpowering. Also, author of “Does Germany Need Colonies?”, Freidrich Fabri, wrote in his book that, “It would be wise if we Germans would learn about colonial skills from our Anglo-Saxon[British] cousins and would begin-in a friendly competition-to strive after them.” And, “Should the New German Reich wish to prove and maintain its newly won position of power for a long time, it will have to take up the same culture-mission and delay no longer to acknowledge it colonial task anew.” Through these, one can see that all the other countries wanted to do was take over as many countries as possible and rise above the best to be the best of the best. It proves that not just one country, but two countries want the victory of being the best of all countries. Because these two countries had the most pride, they were part of the strongest countries. For example, Britain was the leading country in Aafrica, having conquered Northern Nigeria, Egypt, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, British East africa, Union of South africa, Bechuanaland, Southern Rhodesia and Northern Rhodesia. Therefore the main force behind imperialism in Aafrica is national pride because many citizens encourage the act of overmastering through text and books they write.
Although nationalism was one of the stronger forces behind the new imperialism, economics would be stronger than it because the resources taken from africa help the economic statuses of countries go higher faster. As you can see in Doc D, Aafrica had all the resources to improve European technology. Therefore, European countries would take the resources, make new technology out of it and sell it back to where it came from, earning more profit than ever because they took the resource for free. With this, one can tell that economics was the main focus because the African countries had so many resources that helped make the process of technology develop within a faster rate. However, national pride takes over economics in the driving force because only after they conquered the countries with the help of nationalism did they find that the countries had these resources. In Doc E, one can see that before resources came in, the economic level was very low which shows that national pride was the force that brought britain to at least that level in the first place. As seen on the Doc, the imports and exports were very low in the year of 1854 because they had not figured out what to do with the resource, but if there was no pride from their home countries, they would not have been there in the first place. To conclude, economics could be considered the main force behind the new imperialism, but nationalism overlooks it because the only reason they would use african resources for economics is because nationalism encouraged them to be there, in africa.
Therefore, nationalism was the main driving force behind the new imperialism. Despite the fact that economics could also be the main driving force. That is because each country had a great amount of national pride which brought the country to the best they could be, overthrowing as many pieces of land as possible. Also, even though economics could be the main force, the national pride from their hometowns were the ones who brought the country to conquering the pieces of land. Nationalism is not only good for your country, but also yourself because the more involved you get, the more proud your government would feel and the more they would want to do the things you want them to.
A strength I showed was my ability trying to connect to modern civilization and citing the sources.
To Work On
I did not organize the essay well and it ended up with bad mechanics and many mistakes in the essay. In the future, I should focus on the organization and check mistakes before handing it in.