A strength I showed was my ability to have a good analysis by explaining the importance of it, explain my ideas and by supporting it with good evidence from the DBQ.
Something I should work on in the future essay writing is explaining my ideas with less writing, probably summarizing it more because I had 1193 words overall.
During the 19th century, imperialism began in Africa by the Europeans. The colonization of Africa changed the country’s industry with new technology and new natural resources discovered. Europeans would go to Africa to attend meetings or go to special events. Going to Africa made it difficult for them due to a slow ship that will bring them to Africa, and they easily attracted to a tropical disease which can lead to death. With better technology, it made it easier for them to travel faster and safer to Africa. Technology made a big impact on imperialism in Africa because new discoveries were made that we are still using these days. The primary driving force behind European Imperialism in Africa was technology because Europeans were able to take over Africa more safer and faster using the new technology developed by Europeans during the late 1900’s. Although, some people might say that Economy is more important because it boosted national pride, but technology actually boosted both national pride and economy.
Inventions such as steam engines and quinine helped the Europeans colonize Africa safely and fast. According to Document C, During 1797 steam engines were created, they are more constant and forceful source of power than sails on ships. They are also a faster form of transportation. There were a lot of natural resources discovered in Africa which were transported to Europe, new inventions were created from these natural resources which helped Europe make more because inventions like steam engines helped the transportation from Africa to Europe faster. The colonization of Africa during 1884- 1885 was a big move for the imperialism in Africa. European countries conquered Africa and started to bring slaves from local chiefs. During 1797, steam engines were created therefore there were no steam engines during the partition of Africa, but sooner it helped European countries transport people and natural resources. There were some natural resources which can’t be found in Europe but found in Africa. Europeans used steam engines to transport these natural resources to Europe which is used for making new inventions, or medicine to help them travel safer and faster. Free trade also became easier due to the ships made, countries can trade faster with more goods. The Background Essay concluded that, malaria is a common disease in tropical countries. Europeans were vulnerable to these diseases, therefore it was difficult for them to conquer Africa without getting sick, because it can lead to death. Using cinchona tree bark, a treatment for malaria was discovered, quinine. Ships from America would arrive, trade their pots, cloths and guns for the West African slaves then sail back to America. These ships quickly anchored off the African coastline and their crews rarely left the ship due to the risk of catching malaria. Europeans were so susceptible to a tropical disease malaria. Using technology, they were able to discover a cure for this disease which will help them go to Africa without worrying about malaria. They were able to send more of their pots, cloths and guns to West Africans. Even though malaria isn’t the only disease that time, it was the most powerful disease which can prevent Europeans to colonize Africa. This helped the economics and national pride because the cure for malaria became popular to Europeans, so it started spreading around Africa as Europeans start to colonize. It also boosted the economics because of the cinchona tree bark, which the quinine is made of can also be found in Africa. Clearly, the use of technology was a big help during the European Imperialism in Africa. With the use of new technologies developed, Technology also boosted the national pride on the country because Europeans were able to get more natural resources from Africa, make medicines which can help the next generations with traveling or colonizing.
Even though the technology is the main driving force behind the European Imperialism in Africa, Many people think that Economy the main driving force due to the natural resources found in Africa, Europeans were able to use these natural resources to make money, or make a cure of a disease. However, these natural resource could also be found in other countries, and without the new technologies developed, it would be hard for europeans to transfer people who can study these resources and invent new technologies, therefore, these natural resources would be useless because without steam engines, it would be hard for Europeans to travel to Africa because it will be slower and it will cost money for a ship to go back and forth. According to Document D, African colonies had many resources exported to Europe due to Industrial or Economic use. There was approximately 18 natural resources Africa had which was exported to Europe. Using these natural resources, Europeans were able to create more with a faster rate which can help the colonization of Africa. There were a lot of expensive things sold which were made out of the resources exported from Africa. Although new inventions like quinine is made out of cinchona tree which can be found in Africa and it helped Europeans to explore Africa without getting a deadly disease. Already developed some technologies which is a boat that can help them go to Africa, steam boat was created which made it faster for them to travel, Without the steam boat, there won’t be enough people who can discover,or study the natural resources in Africa. According to Document C, Bessemer process was developed during 1855, it’s a quicker method of manufacturing steels. And according to Document D, steels like copper, lead and zinc were found and exported. Therefore, without technologies like Bessemer process they would have a hard time producing economic products like coins, metal alloys and electrical wiring. Without these inventions, the use of the resources won’t benefit the industry or economics because it won’t be processed, or it would be harder to process. Given the evidence, it is logical that if the new technologies weren’t invented, the occupancy of the Europeans in Africa will be slow because the steam engines are slower, they had a high risk of getting malaria which is a deadly disease that can lead to death. Based on the evidence presented so far, it is logical that the use of natural resources would be useless without the technology, therefore, the economy of the country will be low.
Therefore, without the technology developed Europeans will have a hard time traveling to Africa and exploring Africa. Technologies improved the county’s national pride and economy, natural resources were founded which boosted national pride and economy due to to use of these natural resources for Industrial or economic use. All the inventions were important at the time, if there were no steam engines, there would be less people to study or find the cure for malaria which is from the cinchona tree bark. technology helped new ideas and inventions to come which boosted both the economy and national pride. In conclusion, technology was a big help to European during the imperialism in Africa because the new creations that were developed lead to new ideas of technology that can help Europeans gain power over Africa.