T-Plane 3000 – Week 3

Over the course of this project, I have learned a variety of different and interesting things. I have based my research around aerodynamics and the mechanical physics of a plane and have learned a lot. During the start of the project, I had questions such as “What are the forces that affects a plane in flight?” and “How will I able to reduce air resistance on a plane?”. However, as of right now, I have a much better understanding and grasp of my project in which I feel very proud of. In this infographic which I created, I will be able to demonstrate and show what I have accomplished over the span of this project. As for the final design of my new airplane design, I have decided to name my invention the “T-Plane3000”.

During the process and duration of this project, I came upon quite a bit of challenges. My first was the time schedules and my topic. Because I was sick on the first day of the project, I only managed to start my project the week over, loosing the head start. During that time, I struggled upon my research question but I decided to choose airplanes because I was quite interested in aerodynamics. Much like the project last winter, I struggled once again to come upon a good research question. I wanted to create a new airplane model in which was able to be more fuel and cost efficient, making flights cheaper to everyone but only after a while did I manage to settle upon that idea. From there, I concluded my research question to “How can we use science and engineering to produce a more fuel and cost efficient airplane model?“.

However, that was not all the challenges I faced, near the end of the project, I was on my way to Japan. Which made it a lot harder for me to complete this project because of the serious time constraints, however, i was able to travel on an airplane for one last experience and I thought it was really helpful in the completion of this project. I got one last closer look at the workings of an airplane taking off, during flight and landing which somewhat helped me. Though I had to rush the completion of this project, I felt like I made it on time.

To reflect back on this project, much like my previous project I did last winter, I felt like my strengths was conducting research and efficiently analyzing it because I managed to find a lot of important and crucial information that really contributed to my final product.  However, as for weaknesses, I felt like it was what information to include and which ones to cut. It was because that was the one I struggled upon the most. However, to overcome this, I decided to take the route of the “less is more” saying. I decided to prioritize important details over fun facts in my infographic.

My Infographic

Reduced Drag? – Week 2

This is my second entry of my Physics engineering project where I answer the question of “How can I change the design of an airplane to make it more efficient?”. To start, I think that my research is going really well based on the many things I have learned. As for the physics aspect of the project, I have learned a lot about aerodynamics, air resistance and drag. I have learned about both friction drag and pressure drag. Firstly, friction drag or also known as skin drag, is the friction between a fluid and the object it is in contact with. In this case, when a plane is flying through the Troposphere, it is the friction between the plane and the air rushing through it. Secondly, I also found a lot on pressure friction, which is the drag created when air in front pushes harder in the front than the back, which in turns creates a backward force called the pressure drag. 


Friction Drag/ Skin Drag:

Pressure Drag:

Other than this, I also got further insight on how drag on planes work. In most planes, to increase drag, it has many flaps that can flip on vertically. By doing this, it can decelerate by increasing it’s drag. However, to decrease drag, the plane needs to be streamlined, as it will glide through the air smoothly was a much reduced drag.

Picture of flaps on an airplane wing:


As for challenges through out the 2 weeks of my project, I don’t think I have any problems with my research of how I am going to present it but rather, I think would have trouble coming up with a new and better airplane design that can significantly decrease drag and become more fuel-efficient. I think the main problem I would have is coming up with a unique design, much different from existing planes and also that will be able to function properly. So, as for right now, my biggest concern would be to come up with a new and unique airplane design that can hopefully decrease a plane’s excessive use of fuel.

To conclude my 2nd entry of Physics Engineering project, I would like to mention my timeline. As for me, I think everything is going how I expected it to be and if I follow this plan accordingly, I should be able to finish up my research by 15th of May with 5 days of time for me to design my new plane. Other than that, I think everything is going accordingly, and I should be able to wrap up my final blog post on the 20th and present on the 21st. As you can see below, this is my timetable.



Aerodynamics – Day 1

For my final project, I wanted to come up with a way for planes to be fuel efficient and cost efficient for much easier accessibility and cheaper flights. I came across this topic as one of my hobbies were traveling but I came to realise that not much people can afford it and also the fact that oil prices are increasing exponentially. To start, I would like to base my topic off of a new design for a plane which reduces drag by a lot and also less air resistant. To present this project, I would like make a presentation to elaborate on my new ideas on how to make planes more aerodynamic with better fuel and cost efficiency.


I chose this topic of improving and making airplanes more efficient as my engineering project as traveling and discovering new places are some of my hobbies. When I really thought about, most people also travel everyday wether it’s for a holiday or a business trip, with over thousands of flights. That seemed normal on the surface but when I really thought about it, airplanes require a lot of fuel and money every flight. Airplanes contribute to global warming 4 to 9 percent every single year with an average seat costing an average of 509.15 dollars. Ever since 1990, CO2 emissions from aircrafts have increased 83 per cent and that is devastating to the environment. Thats when I came across the idea of designing a less air resistant, aerodynamic plane, where it would require less fuel to get rid of an airplane’s drag in the air. However, that is not all, with more fuel efficient planes, plane rides would be much cheaper and easier for everyone to afford, at the same time, making it more cost efficient.

Image result for aerodynamic plane

Hawaii, the Next Atlantis – Day 3

This will my final log of 3 logs that I have recorded throughout the span of this project. To get back to my main question, “To what extent, would factors such as extreme weather and sea level rise restrict travel to Hawaii?”, I did an infographic to illustrate the rising problem of Hawaii’s sea level rise. This was important to me as it was one of my hobbies to travel around the world to experience new things. I was always eager to see the different sceneries of different countries. It then struck me that would happen to one of the most iconic tourist attractions like Hawaii? Based on my research, I have uncovered the reasons and affects behind sea level rise and extreme wether. I also uncovered that Hawaii is starting to experience the rise of sea level as of early 2016 and is gradually rising higher than expected rates. To represent my ideas, research and to alert my audiences, I have decided to make an infographic as linked below. There, I presented the causes of sea level rise, extreme weather and how Hawaii was already starting to suffer from this.

To reflect back, during the process this project, I have faced many challenges, I came across such issues like narrowing down my topic, changing my final product and finally fitting in and cutting out research to put into my final product, an infographic. My first challenge was narrowing down my rather vague research question, my initial research question was “Provided my climate change, how does sea level rise and extreme weather restrict traveling capabilities”. I finally narrowed it down with the help of my Physics teacher, Mr. Alexander Bunting after a while. As we know, Hawaii is one of the most iconic tourists destinations, however,  Hawaii is also profoundly affected by sea level rise in certain times of the year, in which it is also the reason to why we see a lot of leveled houses built by locals there. These reasons struck me to use Hawaii as an example.

My second challenge was changing my final product, from a Prezi video to an infographic. It was because at first, after surveying the physics classrooms for a-bit, the majority was the same as me. It then struck me that mine will only be the same as the others and I won’t possibly send the message as effectively as on the presentation day, each person will to watch videos over and over again. I then decided to switch over to an infographic as I wanted to get my message out more effectively. As for my final challenge, it was to try and fit all my data into my infographic. As the famous saying goes,”Less is more”, I really wanted to take that into consideration however, there was also a lot of things I wanted to include in my infographic, like data and statistics. But at the end of the day, I was just cramming information on information, so I decided to only include one piece of data that was most important per topic and one quote for each. It was very hard for me because there was so much good information I found but like they say, “Less is more”.

Over the course of this project, I felt like my strengths were researching and analyzing because I managed to find a lot of information that really contributed to my final product. However, as for weaknesses, I felt like it was what information to include and which ones to cut. It was because that was the one I struggled upon the most. I spent the majority of the weekend which I planned to complete my product trying to decide which information or data was the ones I needed or the most important to include.

As for my final product, as you can see below, it is the infographic in which I made. To start, i decided to split it into 5 categories, an introduction to the problem, all about sea level rise, all about extreme weather, then to how it was already taking affect on Hawaii and finally my conclusion. My infographic can be viewed by visiting the link below that will guide you to Pikto Chart.


As for my timeline below, all I can say is that everything went accordingly and all that’s left is to present on Monday!


Hawaii, the Next Atlantis – Day 2

This is the 2nd of 3 logs in which I record my progress through out my physics project of the first semester of my freshman year. Simply put, in this blog post I will be talking about the research I have done so far and changes I have made to my project and timeline. To start, in terms of research, I have almost completed and put together all the information to head towards my goal. Following the guidelines of my research question, “To what extent, would factors such as extreme weather and sea level rise restrict travel to Hawaii?”, I have throughly completed my research on sea level rise and extreme weather however, I still have some bits information to finish up about the rather odd behavior of Hawaii’s sea level rise. As you can see below, I have summarized my research into smaller sections to show what I have managed to find.

“Hawaii” taken by Ricardo’s Photography on Flickr

Sea level rise

Sea level rise is a rising problem initiated by global warming. The way I see it, sea level rise is one of the most devastating side effects of global warming and it happens because of 3 reasons, thermal expansion, the melting of glaciers and polar ice caps and also the amount of ice loss from Greenland and West Antartica.

“Glaciers Melting and Sea Level Rise” taken by NASA Goddard Space Flight Center on Flickr

To begin with, logically speaking as we know, as a substance’s molecules are heated, they start to vibrate, however, when they do that, they start to take up more space, therefore expanding, that is the concept of thermal expansion. As the water from the ocean heats up from the affects from global warming, it expands. According to the National Geographic Magazine, about half of the past century’s rise in sea level is attributable to warmer oceans simply occupying more space.

Secondly, the devastating after-effects of large ice formations, such as polar ice caps and glaciers, are contributing to the rise of sea level.  Such ice formations as shown, naturally melt a bit during each summer, however, with the earth warming, increased heat is causing them to melt at a much faster rate, therefore dumping more water into the ocean as it melts.

Finally, the ice loss from Greenland and West Antartica is also a contributing factor. Much like the melting of polar ice caps and glaciers, it has the same cause and effect. However, this time, the continent and country with the highest amount of ice, is melting. Increased heat form global warming is causing the massive ice sheets that cover Greenland and Antarctica to melt at an accelerated pace. According to the National Geography Magazine, “Scientists also believe meltwater from above and seawater from below is seeping beneath Greenland’s and West Antarctica’s ice sheets, effectively lubricating ice streams and causing them to move more quickly into the sea.”. This means that not only are melting of ice sheets is contributing to the rising level of sea waters but also the waters are starting to affect countries around the global at a much higher rate. To relate this back to my main topic question, I can use this research to show how it can drastically affect the iconic tourist attraction of Hawaii as it’s attractions are mainly it’s beautiful beaches.

“Greenland” taken by Stig Nygaard on Flickr

Extreme weather

For the second part of my research, extreme weather caused by the extreme temperatures of global warming can range from series droughts to heavy rains and storms. However, for this project, I have focused on heavy rains and storms instead as it my goal was to show how traveling capabilities would be limited. To begin with, based on the findings of the Union of Concerned Scientists, a nonprofit science advocacy organization based in the United States, they have claimed that “As the Earth warms, the amount of rain or snow falling in the heaviest one percent of storms has risen nearly 20 percent on average in the United States—almost three times the rate of increase in total precipitation between 1958 and 2007. In other words, the heaviest storms have very recently become even heavier.”. From this point of view, we can certainly see that this statement can be proven to be true from the most recent hurricanes, Hurricane Irma and Hurricane Harvey. These hurricanes are said to  only occur only 7 in the span of 4 years in the states, however, 2 hurricanes back to back has already hit in the span of 2 months. To relate back to my main research question, I have chosen this path of research as extreme weather such as storms can really restrict the capabilities of planes and boats.

This is the picture of Hurricane Frances taken by Stacey on Flickr just moments before it arrived on shore.

Hawaii’s rather High Tides

As for the third part of my research, I will only be overing the data analytics of Hawaii’s hight tides.  Based on my findings, according to the NOAA tide stations around Hawaii, they have observed that water levels have been 3–6 inches above predicted tidal heights since early 2016. However, during late of April, levels shockingly leveled at more than 9 inches above the predicted tides. It had resulted in the highest daily mean water level ever observed over the 112-year record. This had meant Hawaii, an iconic tourist attraction was going through some major problems, it’s widely known attraction of the beach, can very well be possibly harder to access.

“Hawaii Sunset” by Cord Cardinal on Flickr

However, for this part of the research, I have not completed for the section in which explains causes of this occurrence, I have only managed to gather some statistics and analytics. I will need to further my research to be able to grasp the understanding of this particular section.

Challenges and Changes to Project and Time Table

To reflect back, some of the challenges I have faced was coming back to the subject of project ideas. My initial idea was to create a Prezi Presentation video in which guides the audiences through my research and understanding of the situation. However, after surveying the physics classrooms for a-bit, the majority was the same as me. It then struck me that mine will only be the same as the others and I won’t possibly send the message as effectively as on the presentation day, each person will to watch videos over and over again.

I really wanted to get the issue out about Hawaii being an iconic attraction and how in a matter of years, it can very well be gone. I came to a struggle for what I should produce instead which really hit me, I decided to end with an infographic. To me at first its seemed very generic and basic but I felt the need to rather do that instead of making my audience sit through minutes of myself rambling. As of right now, I have made changes to my time table of how I would plan out my project.

The text highlighted in red below is the schedules I have changed. As for my progress, everything is going as I imagined it, however, just a minor delay to completing my research on the Hawaii section. I have re-planed for my research to be done by Thursday on the 7th of Thursday and to start on Friday as for my infographic. I have also scheduled my weekend to wrap up my project and complete it, following it with my final blog post on Sunday, the 10th of December. Overall, for the project, I feel confident and well-prepared to present my final product on the 11th of December.



Hawaii, the Next Atlantis – Day 1

Towards the near end of the very 1st semester of my freshman year, in Physics, we were introduced to a rather appealing and interesting project, to create a product that in which will present how global warming can affect or can be caused our interests. The first thing that came to mind when I was introduced to this project was how is one of my passions or hobby, traveling, going to be affected by Global warming? However, that was rather too vague and broad of a topic to do research on, which was why in the end, I narrowed down my research question to this. To what extent, would factors such as extreme weather and sea level rise restrict travel to Hawaii?

This will my 1st of 3 logs that I will be doing for this particular project, each log will be an entry of my progress, not to Hawaii, but rather more or less, my research. To get back to the main topic, how I got to my research question, I simply narrowed it down with the great help of my Physics teacher, Mr. Alexander Bunting. As we know, Hawaii is one of the most iconic tourists destinations, however,  Hawaii is also profoundly affected by sea level rise in certain times of the year, in which it is also the reason to why we see a lot of leveled houses built by locals there. These reasons struck me to use Hawaii as an example. To break it down further, I chose sea-level rise as well as extreme weather as it is factors created by Global Warming in which really limits the capabilities of traveling. Having confined aircraft space with sea levels slowly rising, transportations will also have trouble dealing with raging storms above in our skies. As you can see, these were the reasons I established a more distinct research question.

To start, my goal for this project is to present my research through a recorded Prezi presentation, essentially, a video. With a voice-over and music in the background, I would ultimately present my research and findings through Prezi as a presentation. Doing it this way, I feel that I can communicate with my audience most easily, to bring up and alert them with this important matter. It is in my best hope to make my project as informational as possible but to also raise awareness for this issue we have been facing for so long.

To wrap up my first blog post of my overall progress, this table will show my plannings and my general vision of this project. My 2nd log will be on the 6th of December so stay tuned!


Comic Analysis

This semester, for my graphic novel, I’ve decided to use a variety of techniques to enhance my drawing and comic at the same time. Like for example, in one scene where the main character has to part way with his parents, I used blurring to really center the focus on the main character’s feelings. Some of the challenges I’ve faced are the colors, because I couldn’t really find color pencils so I only had crayons to work with. Overall, I think that this project was pretty fun because I never knew there was so much behind comics and that making one was also really fun.


Day 28 – Winter break/4th attempt

This time in our planning, we took back the idea from our 2nd ecodome but instead of corn, we added cabbage, also one of the grasshoppers favorite food. Like for all of our attempts we kept the number of grasshoppers the same, 3. This time we added plants around the ecodome like you can and we also scattered the cabbage around in the ecodome. From the 2nd ecodome, we kept the landscape, the water in the petri dish the same, almost everything is the same as our 2nd ecodome as it was the most succesful but other than that, the only change is the corn into cabbage.

Our 4th attempt ecodome:


Day 28 – 3rd Attempt and Results

For our 3rd attempt, from the results of the 2nd one, we have made a lot of progress, another grasshopper have survived, so we decided to keep our design the same but instead of corn just with more plants and food for the grasshoppers because we ran out of corn.

The picture of our ecodome:



-3/4 of the plants were still alive

-10 Ml of water was left from the start there was 15 ml

-all 3 grasshoppers died


3/4 of the plants were still alive though they were REALLY mossy and moldy

There is particles of dirt in the water

The soil, plants and the walls around the ecodome were wet and moisturized

The walls went through condensation

The plants were bitten on the leaves on almost all of them

My Day 28 Vlog:


NY Collaboration Final Reflection

For my page, I did all of the text, font, alliteration and I aided Gio in most of the coloring, like on the sides of the pool, and the penguins below. I think it ended better that I envisioned to be, I think we really did a good job on the details and the different animals on the page. My favorite part of the whole page was the whole party part, I think it was really well put together and it has really good detail towards it. The Animals of the polar bears that the NY students fit in really well too in with the page because the colors really fit into the page like the green grass skirt really stands out.


What was really challenging for me is drawing the really fancy letter P on the 2nd line because for me it kept ending up tilted or just looked very weird, but in the end, I still managed to make look the way I wanted it to be. For me what was easy was actually just coloring, helping Gio with the colors in the background. The things I have improved on is probably better drawing and better sketches, slowly but surely, my drawings are stating to look like how I wanted to be and I think I’m improving a lot in things like detail and color contrasts.

After the completion of the book, we had a skype call with the people we have been colabarating with, and I honestly think it was overall a really cool and fun project!

For my Publicity Job, I made a video for advertising our book. In that I have just a play of images of all the pages and many more pictures or students working their best on it! My final thoughts on the book and on the shop are honestly really amazing, I really like how we could raise awareness this way, through art, it really is cool. Some ways I guess I can start promoting it is maybe, sharing it with my families and others or posting it on social media!

Here is a screenshot below of our book on sale! Go check it out!