Technology Contributes to European Imperialism in Africa
European Imperialism in Africa is a time period of forced labor, horrible mistreatments, free trade, natural resources, rule of occupation and all the developments in technology that gave Europeans an advantage over Africans. Imperialism was a time period between the 19th and 20th century where European explorers walked their way into the interiors of western and central Africa. This time was all about European countries conquering parts of Africa. By the 1880s Africa was under full assault of the of European nations, and it was when the nations competed with one another for the control of the continent. Technology, nationalism, economics and ethnocentrism were the key elements in the success of European Imperialism in Africa.However, the primary driving force behind European Imperialism was technology because of its significant contribution in helping Europeans conquer Africa both economically and politically. On the other hand, others argue that economics was more important, but without the development in technology then the economic system won’t be as strong.
A reason why technology was significant behind the European Imperialism in Africa because it plays a big role in helping Europeans take over Africa in both economically and politically. This is because without the development in technology then there won’t be any equipment and weapons to help make the economic and national competition strong and efficient. To illustrate, the invention of the electric telegraph made the communication over long distances effortless for the Europeans. It emphasizes the fact that the electric telegraph efficiently helped the trade between the countries a lot easier. Therefore, leads to the fact that this would strengthen the economic system in European countries over the Africans. Furthermore, this means that European countries could use the fact that their economic system was stronger to overtake Africa. Also, this invention could be a way for Europeans to communicate and help spread their ideas easier to persuade the Africans to be on their side. Doc C stated that repeating rifle were invented in the late 1800s, it was a faster-loading gun that is able to shoot multiple shots a lot more accurate than those older muskets. Due to this new invention, it was a lot easier for Europeans to defeat the Africans during the fight to take over lands and oceans. Without the guns and discoveries then the national competition between countries won’t be as strong and efficient. Furthermore, the most key element in a national war are weapons, and with the technological developments the European armies have an advantage over the Africans. Based on the evidence presented so far, the discoveries of the electric telegraph and the repeating rifle allowed the Europeans to conquer Africa in both economically and nationally.
It has been argued that economics was the key element in bringing success to European during European Imperialism. According to Doc D, the African colonies benefitted European industries in many ways, especially when they were able to export diamonds and gold to help the economy of Europeans. Diamonds and gold are the most expensive natural resources and it is exported it under Europeans which mean that they would gain all the profit from the exporting. This shows that due to the fact that the Africans’ economy relies on Europeans, it is one step in making the battle defenseless for Africans. Although this argument is valid on many points, what it fails to overlook is that without the new discoveries and inventions then the economics system won’t be as strong as it is now. Doc B indicated that to be the center of power, their aim is to advance the power of England by land and by sea. This evidence clarify that the main goal of England is to gain power by land and sea. Without the well-developed weapons then they won’t be able to take over lands and sea from Africans. Adding on to this, this means that these technology would benefit England, they help gain power from both economically with the trading through the sea and nationally with the land and sea they were able to take over. After looking closely at both side, one can see that technology is the key element to the success Europe have because they were able to help develop the economic system and nationalism in England and other countries making them an advantage over Africans.
Technology was the most significant driving force behind the European Imperialism in Africa because it helped the Europeans defeat the Africans economically and politically. However, some argue that economics was more significant, but actually without the developments in technology then the economic system of Europe won’t be as forceful. With all the technology and weapons invented was used to fully justified the confidence and success Europeans had over Africans. The technology gave Europeans a huge advantage over Africans, they had the repeating rifle as well as other weapons that could help them defeat their opponents effortlessly. Even when some say that economics is more important. The reality is that without the technology then the economies of Europe won’t be supported by the wealth in the resources from lands and oceans from the African colonies. Without technology, Europe won’t have a well developed economic system and national pride that would benefit the continent making it one of the most dominant continents in the world, both economically and politically.
A strength I showed was my ability to show very good references and analysis in my writing.
Something I want to work on in my future writing is that I need to reorganise to include transportation as a key element along with other aspects of technology. This would make my writing even stronger.