This quarter, we've been working on creating on our chair sculptures. A sculpture is the art of making two- or three-dimensional representative or abstract forms, especially by carving stone or wood or by casting metal or plaster. There are three types of ways to make sculptures, subtractive process where you remove material, take away surface, and use carving and chiseling as your techniques. Additive process is where you’re adding objects or materials to your sculpture, and kinetic process is where there is movement or an optical illusion in your sculpture. Sculptures may include techniques like carving (removing materials), modeling (adding materials), casting (a mold to form molten bronze), construction (glue, etc), assemblage (objects used in unique ways, etc. Our task was to create a chair sculpture based on our theme including at least six elements. For my sculpture, I chose reflections as my theme. To create my chair, I used cardboard to create buildings, and I used plaster and hot glue to help attach my buildings to the chair.
When we started this project, we first started with the brainstorming portion of the sculpture. This includes brainstorming ideas for your theme, what the sculpture will actually look like, colors, shape, texture, and the materials you will use in your sculpture. Throughout this process, we collected different ideas and inspiration for our theme and the techniques we will use on our pinterest board. Because my theme was about the city reflection, one of my pinterest boards contained sculpture ideas for buildings and reflections. Another pinterest board was for us to collect tutorials on the techniques we would use for our chair sculpture. In class, we did an activity where we would be given a topic and we would have to think of several chair sculpture designs to go with it. Throughout this, I learned that we should revise our ideas and expand our ideas so we are able to come up with multiple designs we could pick from. We then repeated this process with our theme so we had to come up with multiple designs and revised it. Another activity we did in class was where we were given newspaper, tape, and wire and our task was to make a snake eating ice cream. To do this, I used newspaper to make a foundation of what the basic shape should be and used wire and wrapped it around the body of the snake to help it keep it’s shape. We then planned out what we would be doing each class we had time for the construction. As you can see in the video, I started by making my buildings using cardboard boxes and tape. I then use plaster to add strength to my boxes and attached them to my chair. After every class, we spent the last fifteen minutes reflecting on what we did today, and what we will do in class next time. We used the application 30Hands to create these video reflections. As we completed our chairs, we had peer reflections on our chairs about the strengths and what could be improved. This really helped me because then I knew what I had to work on to make my chair better in the time given. I think the design cycle helped me because it gave me a more organized idea of what my sculpture would look like and how I planned on completing it.
I think a strength I had throughout this project was being able to represent my theme. I think the theme city reflections was shown through this chair pretty well because of the reflections of the CDs. I think that my buildings were attached on really well because they held up really nice at the end with it being upside down. I also think I used my materials well because I used a variety of materials to make my chair. Something I’d change for my chair next time would be the colors in my chair because I think it could’ve been a little more colorful to help with the contrast of the sculpture. Another thing I would change or I’d like to improve on is my time management because I needed a lot of extra time to complete my chair. I had to come in on open studio hours and at lunch to work on my chair. I would also touch up my chair a little more to have a clean finish because I was really short on time and there where I could’ve cleaned it up to make it look finer.
Elements that you could use to apply for your chair sculpture could be line, shape, space, mass/volume, texture/pattern, movement, color, plane, balance, form, proportional/scale, and a lot more. For my chair, the first element I used was movement. Movement is where something in the chair is kinetic or able to move. It is applied to this chair because the CDs reflect off the light so when you move, the color of the CDs shift. Repetition is where objects or something is repeated throughout the sculpture. It is repeated all throughout this chair due to the repetition of CDs stuck onto the buildings and the base of the chair. There is also repetition of buildings on top of the chair and hanging from the bottom of the chair. Lines are the edge or outline of a form. It is applied to this chair throughout the buildings because of the straight boxes which creates lines that leads the audience’s eyes up and down. Texture is the surface quality of a form. It is applied to this chair by using CDs and sticking them onto the base of the chair and the buildings. Texture could also be applied on the back of the chair using chicken wire that was attached. The CDs created a texture that gets the audience to want to touch it.
I think overall, my chair was completed similar to how I wanted it to be. I thought that the color of the buildings or my color scheme could’ve been more varied because my entire chair followed mainly black and silver. The only thing that added more color and contrast to my chair was the CDs. This unit taught me a lot more about time management because, throughout the first part of this project (construction), I thought that I would be done in time and wouldn’t have any problems with time management. However, the decorating part of this project took a lot longer than expected which then lead to coming into open studio hours and working on my chair on my own time. I think throughout this unit, I improved and learned a lot of new techniques as an artist because before this semester, I had never taken art before so everything in this class was new for me. I learnt how to make different shapes and objects using basic materials newspaper, wire, tape, etc. I also learned how to plaster and attach objects to other things. As mentioned before, I think the main thing that I learnt about myself was that I should always keep track of time and try organize/manage the time that is given for this project.