In social studies class, we focused on improving/learning about the European Imperialism. This is an important skill because it is one of the events that happened in history that has effected Europe a lot. One thing I improved while working on this project is my ability to write efficiently. This blog post provides a reflection on my work, as well as a sample of what I have accomplished.
European Imperialism is possibly one of the most effective times in history that has impacted Europe. Economics, Technology, Politics, and much more were not the same after Imperialism. The European Imperialism started around the 19th century and ended in the early 20th century. During the Imperialism, the European nations like the British, the Germans, the Spanish and much more, conquered African lands and took Africa’s natural resources. The primary driving force behind the European imperialism was ethnocentrism. Some may say that it was the economical benefits the European countries were able to make. However, although this argument sounds convincing at first, the European countries were already very wealthy, so it could not have been the primary driving force.
European countries were competing with each other, which made them desperately desire and need more power. European countries continually tried to gain more power than the others by constantly trying to conquer more African lands. By 1884, only eight countries in Europe were conquering the second biggest continent in the world (Document A). But, Imperialism was not just about conquering Africa. While conquering Africa, there were competitions between European countries wanting to be more superior than the other. This is most likely the reason why the European countries were able to take over Africa in only such a short period of time, which you could also say was the primary driving force.
Some historians may argue that the primary driving force behind European Imperialism was the economical benefits the Europeans were able to make while conquering Africa. As you can see in Document E, it shows the profit the European countries were able to make. If you look closely at the data, you can see that they were making millions and millions of pounds just by taking over Africa and by using their natural resources. Even though this claim might sound logical at first, Europeans were already financially stable and would not have put in so much effort just to make more money. So, it couldn’t have been the primary driving force for the Imperialism in Europe.Looking at Document F, the British were already making assumptions that they were more superior than the African countries and it also talks about how the British should help the Africans. However, there is no reason for the British to help the Africans because it would only cost time and money so it is logical to conclude that they were only just trying to prove and show that they were in a higher rank in society than most of the countries. The true motivation behind the European imperialism was ethnocentrism.
To conclude, it is clear that the primary driving force for the Imperialism in Europe was ethnocentrism and not the economical benefits the Europeans were making. After reading my essay, you can clearly see how ethnocentrism stands out the most out of all the reasons. Ethnocentrism was the principal for the European Imperialism. Without the Imperialism, European countries wouldn’t have developed as much as it is today. But was using another nation to thrive necessary?
I had trouble figuring out what evidences to use and how to connect the evidences to my claim. We also only had to use the evidences given on the packet, so it was pretty challenging to figure out the perfect evidence.