We wrote our final DBQ's of middle school. Yay! This DBQ was based on Imperialism in Africa.
In this project on Imperialism in Africa, we focused on improving our knowledge with the driving force behind imperialism in Africa. This is an important skill because imperialism has affected a lot of events and even affect us until today. One thing I improved while working on this project is my ability to write better conclusion. This blog post provides a reflection on my work, as well as a sample of what I accomplished.
How did this writing help me improve as a writer/researcher/thinker?
Throughout this writing piece, I really tried to improve my conclusion paragraph. I don't think i might have done a too good job on making my conclusion better, but I think my analysis really turned out better than my previous DBQ's. To do that, I tried to finish up my writing quickly and asked other people to peer edit my DBQ. After receiving comments from two different people, I was able to be quite successful in this.
A strength I showed was my ability to write a strong introduction that specifically answered the question, gave clear reasons and organised structure and focus for the body paragraphs, and acknowledged a counterclaim. Also, I had good reasoning and a fairly strong supporting evidence.
Something I should work on in my next essay is being less repetitive and referring to different documents. Also, I could construct even more strong evidence and analysis.
This is my writing piece :
Imperialism is extending and growing a country’s power through colonisation. This happened in the 18th century up to the 20th century when European countries wanted more power and entered Africa. By the 16th century and the 17th century, Africa was an unknown continent for Europe, and Africa for Europe was a place where they could trade slaves, gold, and ivory, and this also happened only in the West coast of Africa. Africa seemed like a dangerous place for Europeans as there was all sorts of diseases such as malaria. Then, as slave trading was outlawed, Europe instead started colonising, or imperializing Africa. One of the strongest driving force behind European Imperialism in Africa was nationalism because it changed up the way people thought of Africa. It might appear as if technology was the main driving force of Imperialism. However, this is not true since Imperialism still wouldn’t have happened even with technology if people didn’t have nationalistic ideas.
The main cause to European imperialism in Africa is definitely nationalism. Nationalism changed European’s thoughts and changed the way Europeans thought which then affected their actions. Basically, Doc B is stating that European nations should enter Africa to bring them peace, protect them, and be their source of light. Given the evidence, it is logical to conclude also that nationalism gave a strong support towards imperialism since people would start supporting imperialism since nationalistic ideas have changed up their minds. As time passes, more and more people would start supporting imperialism because of nationalist ideas in their minds. After all, nationalism was a main factor that has helped out imperialism since nationalist ideas would change people’s mind, which would then give a strong support for European imperialism in Africa.
It is true that technology was one of the main driving force towards European Imperialism in Africa. Since technology opened a road for Europeans to be able to enter Africa in a more safe and an effective way. Doc C shows some of the technological developments that helped make imperialism more effective, and without some technological developments such as the treatment for the disease malaria, Europeans entering Africa would have been virtually impossible. Many new inventions such as the steam engines and new sources of transportation made imperialism a lot more effective. Also, the electric telegraph enabled communication over long distances, so they were able process things quicker and report current situations back and forth faster than ever. This may be true, but nationalism was definitely the stronger driving force towards imperialism in Africa. Although technology could have made imperialism in Africa more effective, but it was not a necessarily a requirement for imperialism in Africa. A quote from John Ruskin, a well regarded English intellectual states, “This is what England must either do or perish”. ‘Must do’ is a phrase that is used only when it really has to be done, and not only did he state that, he also states England will perish if they do not imperialize Africa, and a well regarded English reformer wouldn’t have asserted this without any reasoning. Ultimately, technology might seem like the most important factor to European imperialism, but nationalism is the strongest driving force imperialism in Africa.
Even though economics seems to be the driving force Africa’s but the evidence states the other way. The strongest driving force behind European Imperialism in Africa definitely is nationalism since it changed people’s thoughts towards Africa. Although technology might be considered as the the strongest driving force, this is not true since Europeans still would have been able to enter Africa without the technology. Nationalism is the patriotic devotion and the vigorous support towards one’s own country. Europeans were proud of their own country and wanted their countries to be better than any other countries. To achieve that, they needed imperialism to happen which then also caused people to invent things that made the process more effective and easier. Without European imperialism in Africa, would Africa and Europe be the way they are today?