Technology: The Driving Force of Imperialism
European Imperialism was a really important time in history because the Europeans took over the African countries and began the slave trade. The Europeans took control of the African countries which is called the imperialism. Malaria was the biggest killer for the Africans, it forced Europeans to have West African slaves. The Europeans used ships, boats, steam engines, guns, weapons, rifles, etc to go and travel to Africa to take over the colony. The driving force behind European Imperialism in Africa was technology. Although a strong case could be that economics was the driving force for imperialism because of money, however, this is less significant because technology provided weapons and transportation.
Using Technology such as transportation and weapons helped Europeans take control of Africa. According to Document C, the steam engine was the most constant and forceful source of technology, it was the fastest form of transportation. It helped the Europeans travel fast to Africa and so that they could rule over the country. According to Document A, the Europeans took over seven African colonies, without the transportation there would be no way that they could do that. The evidence suggest in Document C, states that the Maxim gun was the first machine gun and that the repeating rifle was the first gun that was able to fire multiple shots more accurately than older muskets. Weapons helped the European imperialism a lot. According to the background essay, Leopold’s managers proceeded to kill, through the horrible mistreatment and the introduction of disease, as many as 10 million Africans. This evidence shows that without the weapons and guns to horribly mistreat and kill the Africans, the Europeans would not be able to take over the African Colony because they would not have the advanced technology to take control of Africa. This concludes, that technology such as steam engines and machine guns, it helped take control of the Africa.
Many People believe that economics was the driving force for imperialism in Africa because they helped get materials from Africa to improve their technology. According to Document D, Europeans traveled to countries like French West Africa and Tanganyika to help get resources like cotton, palm oil, rubber, peanuts, food, etc. These materials that they used helped invent fabrics, food products, clothes, rope, twine, etc. This helped because it got new inventions and the economic value increased. Although this argument sounds convincing at first, however this argument fails to consider that technology invented steam engines, boats, machine guns, rifles, and without these types of inventions, the Europeans would not be able to travel to the African countries. While it is true that economics has helped increase the economic value and create new inventions, this is weak because technology is much more valuable because it created ships to travel to the African countries, and weapons and guns to frighten the Africans and take control of Africa.
The driving force behind Imperialism in Africa was technology because transportation and weapons helped Europeans travel to Africa and take control of the countries in Africa. Without transportation there would not be imperialism in Africa because the Europeans would not be able to travel to Africa and without weapons, the Europeans would not take control of Africa because the Africans would not be scared by them. European Imperialism in Africa was a major part in history because of its impact on how Africans and Europeans live today, in society.
A strength I showed was my selection of evidence because I used great evidence that helped support my claim. Something I should work on in my future essay writing is more cohesive introduction because my introduction was not that great and I really need to improve on that. Another thing that I could work on is to clarify my analysis to make sure that the reader understand everything I am trying to inform them in.