TKM questions

Who is Burris Ewell?

Burris Ewell is filthy. In school, Ms. Carolina is shocked to see a ‘cootie’ come out of Burris’s hair. Ms. Carolina requests Burris to go home and wash his hair with lye soap. Burris responds saying, “what for missus?”
The author uses cooties are an expression for lice. By Burris Ewell having lice suggests that he doesn’t washes his hair regularly and is unhygienic. Burris also responds asking Ms. Carolina why he should wash his hair gives an idea that he has never used to soap. His lice and unawareness of soaps suggests that Burris is filthy. A reason why Burris is filthy is because he is poor.  Atticus and Scout had a discussion about the Ewell’s. Atticus explains that they are the poorest social class. Therefore, by being poor, Burris is motivated to be filthy.

 

 

Who is Ms. Maudie?

Ms. Maudie is generous. When Scout approaches to Ms. Maudie to ask her whether Boo Radley is alive or not. Ms. Maudie explains that Boo is Arthur and he’s alive. She tells Scout that Boo is a kind and innocent boy whose father is a Baptist. Ms. Maudie’s comments on Boo Radley with positive connotations such as kind and innocent. Unlike Scout, who views Boo as a terror, Ms. Maudie explains the Boo Radley as a nice person. Scout also tells Ms. Maudie that she’s the best person Scout knows. This shows that Ms. Maudie’s surroundings also view Ms. Maudie as a nice person as they give positive comments about her. A reason why Ms. Maudie is generous is because she is old. Her tone throughout the chapter gives an idea that she is an experienced old lady. By being old, Ms. Maudie is motivated to be nice.

What are the Kid’s perspective of Boo Radley?

The kid’s view Boo Radley as an antagonist. The

  • perspective comes from gossips, and biased views.

 

Least favourite character in Life of Pi

In Life of Pi by Yann Martel, my least favourite character is Pi’s dad, Santosh because he doesn’t support Pi. Pi’s dad runs a zoo and is least bothered about religion. He is often puzzled  and worries about Pi’s believes in religion. Going through adolescence, Pi Patel seems to be passionate towards the idea of religion. However his father contradicts Pi’s passion. When Pi confessed to his father that he wanted to be baptized, his father questioned “Why do you want to pray outside? In fact, why do you want to pray at all?” (page 72). By Pi’s father questioning Pi, we understand that Santosh doesn’t want Pi to believe in god. By the term “why do you pray at all”, we can infer that Pi’s dad doesn’t believe in religion. He feels that what Pi is doing is unusual. Pi’s dad is also not used to the concept of believing in two religion as he questions Pi “why do you pray outside”. Since Pi’s dad is not used to the concept of religion, he contradicts Pi’s view thus not supporting Pi. Pi’s father is not a supportive dad. I don’t like the fact that Santosh is not supporting Pi’s choices and is telling Pi to run his life the way Santosh wants it. 

 

Character change in A Huge Black Umbrella

In the short story A Huge Black Umbrella by Marjorie Agosin, the author shows the narrator biased towards her housemaid in the beginning. When the housemaid first entered the house, the narrator’s first impression was that she was a “ship wrecked lady far from home”. By the narrator judging the housemaid before even knowing her, the narrator is being biased towards her housemaid. Biased people often judge other people that look different from them. By calling Delfina Nahuenhual (housemaid) a ship wrecked lady far from home, the narrator is bias over her housemaid.

 

At the end of the short story, the narrator’s view towards the housemaid changes. She starts to love Delfina Nahuehual. When Delfina Nahuehual was going back to her country, Chile, the narrator cried a lot. Crying is often interpreted as desire, regret or love. The narrator shows her love to Delfina Nahuehual and doesn’t want her to leave. The narrator goes through a character change and starts to appreciate what she has.

Facebook Debate

Affirmative: Facebook is good because we can connect with our old friends and meet new people.

Negative: Facebook is bad since it can make us anti social and lose focus on our life. We can also meet strangers that are willing to kill us.

 

I think we shouldn’t use Facebook since it can make us lose focus on our life and we will become anti social. We also might meet people that could be criminals or pedophiles. Staying away from Facebook can benefit us.

Events in Life of Pi

When I was reading Life of PI by Yann Martel, I decided the events by paragraphs. The protagonist Pi Patel tells the reader about himself. While talking about himself he would tell stories or talk about the origin of the events. I used how he described himself to find more events. For example when he was introducing his name to the reader, He started talking about the origin of his name which led to more and other events.

So far from what I’ve read, Yann Martel talks about an interesting guy he met in India named Piscine Molitor Patel. Piscine is an Indian boy living in Pondicherry. Piscine got his name from a swimming pool. His Mamaji was a swimmer and took him to swim almost everyday.  Mamaji’s favourite swimming pool was Piscine Molitor which then became the protagonist’s name. Unlike other of his classmates, Piscine’s name was very hard to pronounce. Most of his classmates and teachers would refer him as Pissing Patel. This made Piscine upset so he decided to change his name to Pi Patel.

Compare and Contrast School teacher and Sumo wrestler Rewrite

In Levitt’s Freakonomics, Levitt shows the similarities and differences of how school teachers and sumo wrestlers are similar and how drug dealers work.  School teachers and sumo wrestlers  are similar as they both cheat. The reason why school teachers and sumo wrestlers cheat differs.

Levitt shows the similarities between school teachers and sumo wrestlers as they both cheat. School teachers cheat by changing answers on the test. Levitt uses a data showing a 5th grade score, 6th grade score and a 7th grade score. 5th grade had a score of 3.8, 6th grade had a score from 7.1 and 7th grade had a score of 5.6. The data shows that the score represents the grade level. This data suggests that there is a big academic incline in grade 6. From this data we can also tell that the 6th grade teacher cheated because there was a major academic improvement from 5th grade to 6th grade however in 7th grade it declined massively. Similar to school teachers, Sumo wrestler cheats. Levitt shows how sumo wrestlers cheat by observing data and statistics. In sumo wrestling, the wrestler has fifteen bouts per tournament. If the wrestler finishes the tournament with a winning record (8 victories or better), he will win. The eight victory is crucial as the difference between promotion and demotion is four times the value of money. Levitt looks at the statistics and explains to the reader that when a player 8-6 wrestler and 7-7 wrestler plays. The chance of a 7-7 wrestler to win is 79.6%. This suggests that sumo wrestling is rigged. It could be possible that the 8-6 wrestler lets the 7-7 wrestler win. It could be possible that the wrestlers have an agreement where they both where they help each other win when required, which is cheating.

School Teachers and Sumo wrestlers both cheat however their reason to cheat differs. Levitt explains the economics of school teachers. School teachers aren’t paid a satisfying amount of money especially in public school.  School teachers are also facing the pressure of their jobs as they can get fired if they class doesn’t academically succeed. So a suitable reason Levitt suggested why teachers cheat was to save their careers. Levitt showed a data of the pattern a particular teacher used when he/she was cheating. The data showed how the cheater only changed some answers rather than most the answer to not sound so suspicious.  Levitt also explains how school teachers may think that they are “helping their students” however, they are helping themselves. School teachers are cheating in order to save their career. Unlike school teachers, Sumo wrestler cheat in order to achieve a higher ranking and money.  In order to receive the most money in a sumo game, the wrestler have to have 8 wins in 15 fights. The promotion amount is four times greater than demotion amount. If there is an 8-6 and 7-7 situation. Statistics show that the 7-7 will have a 79.6 percent of winning. If the 7-7 wins then both wrestler will receive four times the amount of the demotion price. Levitt suggested that there could be a quid pro quo agreement: you let me win today, when I really need the victory, and I’ll let you win next time. This agreement shows that Sumo wrestlers cheats in order to receive the most money and ranking possible.

Data in Freakonomics Chapter 1 Rewrite

In Freakonomics by Steven D. Levitt, Levitt uses a lot of data and analysis to answer his questions.While talking about how school teachers cheat, Levitt showed a data of scores from different grades. The data showed  5th grade score, 6th grade score and 7th grade score. 5th grade had a score of 3.8, 6th grade had a score from 7.1 and 7th grade had a score of 5.6. Levitt explains that the score represents the grade level (eg. score of 5.0 is standard 5th grade level). In this data, we can immediately predict that the 6th grade teacher was a cheater. There was a major jump from 5th grade to 6th grade however in 7th grade it declined. This suggests that the 6th grade cheated because it cannot be possible that a poor class suddenly become one grade ahead of the standard class level in a year. Levitt uses this data to show how some school teachers cheat. To compare the similarities of cheating between school teachers and sumo wrestler, Levitt uses a table to show how sumo wrestler cheats. In Levitt’s table, it showed a 8-6 and 7-7 win ratio and a predicted win percentages and an actual win percentage. In an ideal world, there is a 48.7% chance of a 7-7 wrestler to beat the 8-6 wrestler. However, the actual win percentage of a 7-7 wrestler against the 8-6 opponent is 79.6%. This table suggests that there is a possible agreement with the 7-7 and 8-6 wrestler. Levitt describe this agreement as a quid pro quo agreement: you let me win today, when I really need the victory, and I’ll let you win next time. This agreement can also be interpreted as cheating. By using data, Levitt can compare that both school teachers and sumo wrestler.

Levitt uses all types of data in his novel. The data helps him and the reader to come up with conclusions.

Freakonomics Chapter 1 Summary Rewrite

New Vocabulary:
Incentives: Some students lack the incentives to study.

Immutable: The gangs’ jobs were immutable

Illicit: The crack gang sold illicit drugs.

Quiescent: The workers that have been quiescent were fired.

Chapters in Freakonomics

Explanatory Note
Introduction: The Hidden Side of Everything
What do Schoolteachers and Sumo Wrestler Have in Common?
How is the Ku Klux Khan Like a Group of Real-Estate Agents?
Why do Drug Dealers Still Live with Their Moms?
Where Have All the Criminals Gone?
What Makes a Perfect Parent?
Perfect Parenting, Part 2: Would a Roshanda by Any Other Name Smell as Sweet?
Epilogue: Two Paths to Harvard.
Notes
Acknowledgement
Index

Summary:

My father recommended me to read Freakonomics by Steven. D Levitt. At first, I thought this book would be like a informational book about economics. I’ve never really studied economics but I decided to give this book a shot. I didn’t quiet understand or enjoy the book in the beginning as it was just an explanatory note and an introduction. Freakonomics by Steven D. Levitt explores the idea of the way we think and behave.  Levitt believes that economics is a study of incentives.Levitt believes that economics is a study of incentives.  Levitt talks about how school teachers and Sumo wrestler have in common. So far from what I’ve read, Levitt explains that everyone cheats, including school teachers. They cheat by changing their student’s answers on test. He gave an example on how the school teacher tries to only change some of the answers to make it more realistic. He explained this by showing data of how the school teacher cheats. Similar to school teachers, Sumo wrestlers also cheat however, there is no prove of the cheating in sumo wrestling. In sumo wrestling, the wrestler has fifteen bouts per tournament. If he finishes the tournament with a winning record (8 victories or better), his ranking will rise. The eight victory is very important as the difference between promotion and demotion is four times the value of money. Levitt looks at the data and explains to the reader that when a player 8-6 wrestler and 7-7 wrestler plays. The chance of a 7-7 wrestler to win is 79.6%. This suggests that sumo wrestling is rigged. It could be possible that the 8-6 wrestler lets the 7-7 wrestler win. The way Levitt explains the answer to his questions really intrigues me to read this novel.

Just by glancing at the chapter titles I can predict that Freakonomics will be about economics of criminals. Most of the book’s chapter names are related to criminals. Chapters such as, “How is the Ku Klux Khan Like a Group of Real-Estate Agents”, “Why do Drug Dealers Still Live with Their Moms”, and “Where Have All the Criminals Gone”. These chapter titles all talk about criminals. This suggests that Freakonomics explores how the economy is getting affected by criminals.