In this project we worked on writing a DBQ about the imperialism in Africa, we focused on improving/learning how to support our claims and writing a DBQ in general. This is an important skill because in the future in high school we would need to apply these skills to be able to write a good DBQ. One thing I improved while working on this project is my ability to use evidence to support my claim. This blog post provides a reflection on my work, as well as a sample of what I accomplished.
- How did I stretch myself as a writer on this piece?
I really stretch myself on explaining in depth on why I think a certain way and backing it up with evidence and reason to prove my claim.
-Strengths (bright spot)
A strength I showed was my ability to write a good analysis of evidence.
-To work on
I could work more on my introduction by adding the importance of the topic.
Europe's Driving force on the Imperialism in Africa
After the industrial revolution, England has chosen to rise to power to take over Africa. Along the way, many other countries have joined to take part in the colonization of Africa. There are many reasons why and how the colonization happened and people wonder if it was economics, technology, ethnocentrism that gave them the driving force to claim parts of Africa. Nationalism was the driving force of the imperialism because it motivated people for power. However, it has been argued that technology was superior for the claiming of lands in Africa because the European was more advanced in technology. However that may be true, Nationalism outweighs the counterclaim because it gives countries a competition for colonizing Africa.
Nationalism is the driving force of the imperialism because it motivated countries to fight for land and sea power in Africa. According to John Ruskin at Oxford University 1870 (doc B). He said that “This is what [England] must either do or perish: she must found colonies as fast and as far as she is able, formed of her most energetic and worthiest men;-seizing every piece of fruitful waste ground she can set her foot on, and there teaching these her colonists … that their first aim is to be to advance the power of England by land and sea”. Given the evidence, it is logical that John Ruskin wanted England to gain more power by claiming as much land and as much sea as possible. It was just a matter of pride because England (she) wanted to restore their traditional royalty and power, and to establish dominance. In conclusion, we can see that nationalism boosted England to strive for power and one way for doing that was to advance their power by land and sea and in this case it was claiming Africa.
It has been argued that technology was the driving force of the imperialism because it helped Europe colonize Africa dramatically. According to document C, there are many technologies that helped the Europeans for example, The steam engine (1787) was used as a source of power for a faster form of transportation. Another technology that helped was the Electric telegraph, it helped them communicate over long distance. Maxim gun was the first machine gun. Bessemer process, which was used to make steel faster and stronger for bridges, rails, tall buildings. There is still much more technology and these were just to name a few. From this evidence, we can easily conclude that with these technologies the Europeans were able to claim land in Africa easily and with this comes the driving force. The driving force is technology because with technology it was easier to colonize the land and claim the sea in Africa. While it is true that technology plays a huge role in the Europeans imperialism in Africa, national pride simply outweighs the counterclaim because it motivated countries to have a competition (a friendly one) for land and power. Basically, Friedrich Fabri in 1879 said that “Germany is very capable, so seaworthy, so industrially and commercially” successful of being able to take part in a friendly competition to strive for Africa and on the way learn from the British. He also mentioned, “Should new German Reich wish to prove and maintain its newly won position of power for a long time, it will have to take up the same culture-mission and delay no longer to acknowledge its colonial task”. According to document A we see the map split up into sections, this was the result of the berlin conference. Eight European countries receive a different amount of Africa. This shows that not only England but other countries in Europe has also established their piece to take from Africa. Germany (for example) has also decided to join in because they wanted to “maintain its newly won position of power for a long time” and to maintain that power they needed to take up the culture-mission (colonize parts of Africa). As you can see, many European countries have done the same thing and rise to power to claim Africa. This eventually becomes a friendly competitive race which provided lots of motivation to establish their (European Countries) power in the world. Wrapping it up, even though the technology was a big part of the imperialism in Africa, the actual driving force came from nationalism.
All in all, with national pride, comes the motivation and with the motivation comes forth the idea for power and to succeed they decided to colonize Africa. With the driving force being nationalism we can say that for sure they are going to be competition between many countries as they look forward to strength and power, and many countries would make colonization a competition. Even with the technology and tools, the European has the advantage on, people was actually motivated by nationalism. Summing it up without nationalism as the driving force for the imperialism in Africa there just might not be any colonization in Africa at all.